Arzachena

Arzachena is considered to be the capital of tourism in Sardinia. It is sure that what was only small agro - pastoral centre located in one of the Landes least known and least populated of the isle till the end of years sixty, is today the point of arrival of million visitors and regulars who can here enjoy an extraordinary beauty of nature which tourist explosion did not taint, by virtue of a clever working which respected customs and landscape. Today, the territory of Arzachena is the heart of of Costa Smeralda, paradise of vacation, thought and developed in 1962 by Karim Aga Khan, and which turns  mostly  but not exclusively  to tourism of elite: politicians, businessmen, people of showbusiness  and sports spend there regularly their vacation, often in splendid villas submerged in nature and constructed with typical and evocative pink granita of Gallura, the whole zone comes consequently as the most delightful seaside zone at international level in Europe, and among the most important of the world.

Arzachena is situated on the north-east coast of Sardinia, in the area known under the name of Gallura. This area overlooks the Tyrrhenian sea known for the Costa Smeralda (in the municipality of Arzachena) and the archipelago of La Maddalena and the National Park of La Maddalena

The territory of the municipality of Arzachena extends for about 240 square km, and includes 80 km of wonderful coast, rich of bays, inlets and beaches. Arzachena is composed by different fractions: among very Porto Cervo, " the invisible city " of arcs and stones which support each other. Porto Rotondo and his handle in semicircular auditorium, Poltu Quatu and his fiords, Cannigione and his fishers' market town, Baja Sardinia, Liscia di Vacca, Portisco and so many others. In front of numerous coves, big and small, which face up splendid emerald green colour waters and that gave the name to this party of coastal region, behind the granite rocks of which the famous Roccia del Fungo.

Porto Cervo is the "capital" of Costa Smeralda provided with tourist facilities necessary for a demanding tourism of the highest quality. Not far from the heart of Costa Smeralda is Baja Sardinia in front of the archipelago of La Maddalena. Cannigione, is a village on the west side of the gulf of Arzachena. It is an old fishing village  that became a well known tourist resort. The village has a well equipped tourist harbour.

Remarkable archeological capital shows how one already lived in this area since the second millennium before J.C. A visit of the territory must pass by the original circular necropolis of Li Muri, and the gravestone complex of Li Longhi, dominated by a very high stele on which is sculpted a door, but also the small temple of Melchittu, in the apse semi - circular of which is put down a small altar for the ritual sacrifices, the horizontal nouragues of Albecciu, example of architecture " in hall ", and giants' tomb of " Coddu Echju ", the four-metre stele of which, in the centre of a half circle of  granite slats, precedes the hall intended for the burial of the ancient community. In Roman epoch, the statio of Tribula Maior set itself up here, but pestilences and plagues hit in the depopulation of the whole area. Only ones of tiny agro - pastorals communities survived. They began developing only in the 18th around some religious constructions like the church of Santa Lucia, Santa Maria della Neve, San Ghjuanni, Santu Petru and medieval Santu Micali Sanna.

The slow growth of Arzachena is linked to pastoral activity and to wheat growing, among citizens' traditional activities, Agliola (one of these activities) survives even today, to whom it is possible to participate in July in the locality of Capichera. Constant and slow development allowed in 1908, the getting of administrative self-government by Tempio Pausania and repopulation of the whole area. The citizens of Arzachena are 10730 today. In 1962 the Aga Khan arrived the rest is part of our contemporary history.

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